Prisons do not address the root causes and contributing factors of crime. They do not facilitate or encourage rehabilitation or reform. Therefore, we need to rely more on proven methods of addressing the root causes such as community programs, rehabilitative and restorative justice initiatives. Prisons do not deter, reduce or prevent crime.
We also need to grant more people bail, to reduce the amount of individuals in overcrowded remand facilities. These people are presumed innocent and should not be treated worse than those serving their sentences in prisons! They have no access to rehabilitation programs or recreational facilities. Is more jails really the answer to solve overcrowding? No. Can we not start addressing the root causes of crime? I think that is more of a long term solution as opposed to a quick fix. People in remand are presumed innocent and should not be subjected to "cruel and unusual punishments." That is a Charter violation.
Prisons do not deter, prevent or reduce crime. They fail at rehabilitation and at addressing the root causes of crime. Longer and harsher sentences do not deter potential offenders, as most criminals are impulsive and not rational, cost-benefit weighing actors. Most criminals are not informed or educated about the penalties for certain crimes, so how exactly does that prevent and deter them? Our justice system is designed to perpetuate crime, not prevent it, currently. It should be designed to prevent and reduce crime. We need to reform our justice system.